Court Case Types
- Criminal Cases
- Criminal cases are those that involve violations of the Criminal Laws of the State of West Virginia.
There are two types:
- Felony: major crimes such as murder, robbery, embezzlement, and 3rd offense DUI
- Misdemeanors: minors crimes such as 1st and 2nd offense DUI, speeding and lesser forms of major crimes.
- Civil Cases
- Civil cases are all situations involving individuals suing each other.
It can be over car wrecks, property boundaries, etc.
- Domestic Cases
- Domestic cases normally refer to those dealing with family matters, divorce,
paternity, and support.
- Juvenile Cases
- There are two types:
- JD = Involves anyone under the age of 18 who commits a crime
that is for an adult would be a felony or misdemeanor, or is a status offense,
i.e. skipping school
- JA = Involves situations of abuse of children
- Civil Appeals
- Civil appeals are cases that have been heard in lower courts that the individual involved is
not satisfied with the results and appeals the decision to a higher court.
- Adoption Cases
- Adoptions cases deal with adoptions of infants and children.
- Guardian and Conservator
- These cases are situations of individuals who must have other care of their welfare.